It is true that Jesus was born into the Palestinian culture in Israel. He grew up as a Jewish young man fully instructed in the wisdom of the Torah (the first five books of the Old Testament), the Psalms, and the wisdom of King Solomon (Proverbs). He would have been conversant with the history of the formation of the nation of Israel. His disciples were from Israel.
In early times God chose Abraham to form a new nation called Israel. Abraham left the City of Ur of the Chaldean people because they practiced idol worship and Abraham wanted to form a new nation where the people would worship only the True Supreme Creator God, Yahweh. God promised Abraham that the Messiah would become one of his descendants (read Hebrews chapter 7). God had to incarnate Himself in the form of His only Son, Jesus, into one race of people on earth. He chose Israel because of His promise to Abraham. Jesus frequently reminded His disciples that although He was born into the nation of Israel His disciples were commanded to take the good news – the gospel to all the ethnic people groups of the world. God was not partial in His desire to bless mankind. For example, Jesus took a special interest in ministering to the Samaritans. He wanted to bless all the races of the earth (refer to Matt 28:18 – 20; Matt 24:14; Rev 21:22 – 27). God as revealed in the Bible is the God of all races of people and He is the Supreme Creator God. Whatever the name of the Supreme Creator God is in your language then that is the name of God for your people. God will unite us all one day in His heaven after Jesus returns to the earth.
Sadly some Muslim scholars have asserted that the Holy Qur’an Surah 5 Al Ma’idah ayat 59-60 is to be interpreted to endorse the infamous belief on the part of some Muslims that Jews are descended from swine and apes, since it says that wicked Jews who worshipped evil and idols were transformed by Allâh in the past (see also Surah 2:64).